Piedmont Virginia Native Plant Database


Click on Scientific Name to view USDA plant data page (opens in new window). If you have a question about a specific plant, you may send an email for more information by clicking on the "Question" link below each plant's name(s). Click HERE for a version suitable for printing (opens in new window).
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Disclaimer: The information contained within this database was compiled from a variety of sources by County staff working with local plant experts and is subject to unannounced additions and updates. Please email us with any comments or suggestions regarding the data or problems with the functionality of this site.
 Scientific/Common Name  Stormwater Facilities  Recommended Uses  Plant Needs  Plant Characteristics
Acer negundo
boxelder 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
   
Acer pensylvanicum
striped maple 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 20'-40'
 
Acer rubrum
red maple 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Red, Orange, Yellow 
Flower Color: Orange 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 60'-90'
Est Spread: 5'-75'
 
Acer saccharinum
silver maple 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Acer spicatum
mountain maple 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Mammals 
Erosion 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 30'-40'
 
Acorus americanus
sweet flag 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)   Landscape 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-6'
 
Acorus calamus
calamus 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's Eye 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
black snakeroot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Pipevine Swallowtail)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Battus philenor)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-72"
Est Spread: 24"-30"
 
Adiantum pedatum
maidenhair fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
Est Spread: 8"-20"
 
Ageratina altissima
white snakeroot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Pipevine Swallowtail)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Battus philenor)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
 
Agrostis hyemalis
winter bentgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Agrostis perennans
autumn bentgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Bloom Time: Jul 
 
Alisma subcordatum
American water plantain 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Allium cernuum
nodding onion 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Highly Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug,Rootball,Staking
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 1'-2'
 
Alnus serrulata
common alder, hazel alder 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellowish-Red 
Flower Color: Purple, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 6'-25'
Est Spread: 10'-15'
 
Amelanchier arborea
downy serviceberry, Shadbush 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 15'-25'
Est Spread: 15'-20'
 
Amelanchier canadensis
Canada serviceberry 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Orangy-Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Planting Method: Rootball
Est Height: 6'-20'
 
Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Habitat 
Mammals 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jan,Feb,Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Nov,Dec 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12'-36'
 
Amorpha fruticosa
desert false indigo 
Shrub
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Amsonia tabernaemontana
blue star 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Andropogon gerardii
big bluestem 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green to Tawny 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-72"
Est Spread: 24"-30"
 
Andropogon virginicus
broomsedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Red, Brown 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
Deer Resistant 
 
Anemone lancifolia
mountain thimbleweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6"-18"
 
Antennaria neglecta
field pussytoes 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Red, Green, Blue 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 2"-10"
Est Spread: 1"-7"
 
Antennaria plantaginifolia
pussytoes 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Caterpillar Host Plant
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Silvery-Green and Green 
Flower Color: White, Silver 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 1"-8"
 
Antennaria Virginica
shale barren pussytoes 
Wildflower
 
Greene County Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Caterpillar Host Plant
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Silver, Light Green 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 1"-6"
 
Apios americana
groundnut 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Erosion 
Landscape 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Red, Pink, Purple, Maroon, Reddish-Brown 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug,Rootball,Staking
Spreads Rapidly 
Good Groundcover 
 
Aquilegia canadensis
wild columbine 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 24"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Aralia spinosa
devil's walkingstick 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Arisaema dracontium
green dragon 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Habitat 
Mammals 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 8"-24"
 
Arisaema triphyllum
Jack-in-the-pulpit 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Green, Purple, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Aristolochia macrophylla
pipevine, Dutchman's pipe, Black Sarsaparilla 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Pipevine Swallowtail)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Battus philenor)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
 
Flower Color: Green, Purple, Brown, Green and Maroon 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Spread: 20'-35'
 
Artemisia ludoviciana
white sagebrush 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: American Painted Lady)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Vanessa virginiensis)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
 
  Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
 
Aruncus dioicus
goatsbeard 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Caterpillar Host Plant
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Cream to Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 36"-72"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Arundinaria gigantea
great Southern cane 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  

 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Feb,Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 3'-25'
 
Asarum canadense
wild ginger 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green 
Flower Color: Purple, White, Maroon, Bluish-White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 4"-6"
Est Spread: 6"-24"
 
Asclepias incarnata
swamp milkweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Monarch)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Danaus plexippus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Red, Pink 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Asclepias syriaca
common milkweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Monarch)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Danaus plexippus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purplish-Brown to Purple to Pink 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 2'-4'
 
Asclepias tuberosa
butterfly weed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Monarch)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Danaus plexippus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Orange 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug,Rootball
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
 
Asclepias variegata
Red Ring Milkweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Red, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Seed
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-4'
Est Spread: 1'-3'
 
Asclepias verticillata
whorled milkweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Caterpillar Host Plant
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Green, White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul 
Planting Method: Plug
Deer Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 6"-12"
Est Spread: 1'-3'
 
Ascyrum hypericoides
St. Andrews Cross 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 1'-4'
 
Asimina triloba
paw paw 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Highly Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Zebra Swallowtail)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Eurytides marcellus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Mammals 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellow 
Flower Color: Maroon 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Planting Method: Seed,Rootball
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 20'-35'
Est Spread: 20'-30'
 
Asplenium platyneuron
ebony spleenwort 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
 
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. Asplenioides
southern ladyfern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
 
Baptisia australis
blue wild indigo, False Indigo 
Wildflower
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green, Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-5'
Est Spread: 3'-3'
 
Baptisia tinctoria
yellow wild-indigo 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Grayish-Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Whitish-Yellow, Creamy-Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow Birch 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Stream Buffer   Caterpillar Host Plant
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellow, Green 
 
Betula lenta
sweet birch, black birch 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-75'
 
Betula nigra
river birch 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 50'-75'
Est Spread: 35'-50'
 
Betula papyrifera
paper birch 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Bidens cernua
nodding beggar-ticks 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 24"-42"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Bignonia capreolata
crossvine 
Vine
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Orangy-Red, Red, Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36'-72'
 
Botrychium virginianum
rattlesnake fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Brachyelytrum erectum
bearded shorthusk 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
   
Bromus ciliatus
fringed brome 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Calamagrostis canadensis
bluejoint 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Calamagrostis coarctata
arctic reedgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Caltha palustris
yellow marsh marigold 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
  Groundhog Resistant 
 
Calycanthus floridus
sweet shrub 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Maroon 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Campsis radicans
trumpet vine, trumpet creeper, Cow-Itch Vine 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Orange, Red, Yellow, Reddish-Orange 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Spread: 10'-35'
 
Carex atlantica
prickly bog sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex blanda
eastern woodland sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Carex cephalophora
oval-leaf sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex comosa
longhair sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex crinita
long hair sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 18"-36"
 
Carex debilis
white edge sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex flaccosperma
thinfruit sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
 
Carex frankii
Frank's sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex gracillima
graceful sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex granularis
limestone meadow sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex intumescens
greater bladder sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex lupulina
hop sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex lurida
shallow sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 18"-36"
 
Carex normalis
greater straw sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 12"-36"
 
Carex prasina
drooping sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex scoparia
broom sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex shortiana
Short's sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex squarrosa
squarrose sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex stipata
awlfruit sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex stricta
tussock sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Carex swanii
Swan's sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex torta
twisted sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex tribuloides
blunt broom sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carex vulpinoidea
fox sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green to Reddish-Orange 
Flower Color: Red, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 35'-50'
 
Carya alba
mockernut hickory 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Golden-Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr 
Est Height: 50'-60'
 
Carya cordiformis
bitternut hickory 
Medium to Large Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Carya glabra
pignut hickory 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 50'-60'
Est Spread: 25'-35'
 
Carya ovata
shagbark hickory 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  

 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green, Green to Yellow, Green to Golden to Bronze 
Flower Color: Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 60'-120'
 
Castanea pumila
Allegheny chinkapin 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Mammals 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12'-36'
 
Catalpa speciosa
northern catalpa 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Tawny 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 1'-3'
Est Spread: 1'-3'
 
Celastrus scandens
climbing bittersweet 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red, Orange 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 12'-30'
 
Celtis occidentalis
common hackberry 
Small Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Cephalanthus occidentalis
buttonbush 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Cream 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-10'
Est Spread: 3'-10'
 
Cercis canadensis
redbud (Eastern) 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 20'-30'
Est Spread: 20'-30'
 
Chamaecrista fasciculata
partridge pea 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Songbirds 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Planting Method: Seed
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 12"-36"
 
Chasmanthium latifolium
river oats, spanglegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-4'
 
Chasmanthium laxum
slender woodoats 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Cheilanthes lanosa
hairy lip fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Silver, Gray, Evergreen, Light Green 
Flower Color: Evergreen, Spores (No blooms) 
Est Height: 6"-12"
Est Spread: 15"-18"
 
Cheilanthes tomentosa
wooly lip fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Silver, Gray, Evergreen, Light Green 
Flower Color: Evergreen, Spores (No blooms) 
Est Height: 6"-18"
 
Chelone glabra
white turtlehead 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 24"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Chionanthus virginicus
fringetree 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 20'-35'
Est Spread: 15'-20'
 
Chrysogonum virginianum
green and gold 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 4"-8"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland golden aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 1'-1'
 
Cinna arundinacea
wood reed 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
High Moisture 
 
 
Clematis ochroleuca
curlyheads 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Gray, Light Green 
Flower Color: Violet, White, Yellowish-Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Plug,Rootball
Est Height: 18"-24"
Est Spread: 9"-12"
 
Clematis viorna
vasevine 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  

 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Red, Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Spread: 8'-12'
 
Clematis virginiana
virgin's bower 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green to Green 
Flower Color: White, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 12'-15'
 
clethra alnifolia
coastal sweetpepperbush 
Shrub
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Clitoria mariana
Maryland butterfly pea 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Lavender to Pink, Blue 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 36"-48"
Est Spread: 12"-36"
 
Commelina erecta
erect dayflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Blue 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
 
Conoclinium coelestinum
mistflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Blue, Violet 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 24"-36"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Convallaria majuscula
American lilly of the valley 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Pollinators 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green 
Flower Color: Purple, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Plug,Rootball
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 6"-12"
Est Spread: 9"-12"
 
Coreopsis lanceolata
lanceleaf tickseed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Coreopsis tripteris
tall coreopsis 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 3'-9'
 
Coreopsis verticillata
threadleaf coreopsis 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Cornus alternifolia
alternate-leaf dogwood 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 20'-35'
 
Cornus amomum
silky dogwood 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Spread: 6'-10'
 
Cornus florida
flowering dogwood 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White and Purple 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 20'-40'
 
Cornus racemosa
gray dogwood 
Shrub
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
   
Corylus americana
American filbert 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Highly Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Blue 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Planting Method: Rootball
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 8'-15'
Est Spread: 6'-10'
 
Corylus cornuta
beaked hazelnut 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Early Hairstreak)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Erora laeta)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Mammals 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Spread: 4'-8'
 
Crataegus crus-galli
cockspur hawthorne 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Bronze-Red, Red, Golden 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 20'-30'
Est Spread: 20'-30'
 
Crataegus flava
October hawthorne 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 12'-20'
 
Cunila origanoides
wild dittany 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 18"-24"
 
Cyperus esculentus
yellow nutsedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Cyperus odoratus
fragrant flatsedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Cyperus strigosus
strawcolored flatsedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Danthonia compressa
moonshine grass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Moderate Moisture 
 
 
Danthonia sericea
silky oatgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 8"-20"
 
Danthonia spicata
poverty oatgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
 
Decodon verticillatus
swamp loosestrife 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Pinkish-Purple 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Delphinium tricorne
dwarf larkspur 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Unique Soil-Basic 
Unique Soil-Moist 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 6"-12"
 
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
hay-scented fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green, Green to Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 18"-36"
Est Spread: 2'-3'
 
Deschampsia flexuosa
tufted hairgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  

 
   
Desmodium paniculatum
narrow-leaf tick trefoil 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 24"-42"
 
Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's breeches 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White and Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 10"-10"
 
Dicentra eximia
wild bleeding heart 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Pink to Red, Pink to Purple, White, Purple 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-2'
Est Spread: 3'-3'
 
Dichanthelium clandestinum
deer-tongue 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
 
Dichanthelium commutatum
variable panicgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 18"-24"
 
Diervilla lonicera Mill.
northern bush honeysuckle 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Dioscorea villosa
wild yam 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Spread: 3'-9'
 
Diospyros virginiana
persimmon 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Orange, Red 
Flower Color: Green, Yellow, Cream 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 35'-50'
Est Spread: 25'-35'
 
Doellingeria umbellata
flat-top white/ Parasol whitetop 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Whitish-Violet, White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Dryopteris celsa (Wm. Palmer) Knowlt., Palmer & Pollard ex Small
log fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Dryopteris cristata
crested woodfern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Dryopteris intermedia
evergreen wood-fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Est Height: 10"-36"
 
Dryopteris marginalis
marginal shield-fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Dark Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Dryopteris spinulosa
Toothwood Fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Dulichium arundinaceum
dwarf bamboo, threeway sedge 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 12"-24"
 
Eleocharis acicularis
needle spikerush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Eleocharis obtusa
blunt spikerush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Eleocharis quadrangulata
squarestem spikerush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina elephantsfoot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Violet, White, Purple, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 2'-3'
Est Spread: 2'-3'
 
Elymus canadensis
Canada Wildrye 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Elymus hystrix
bottlebrush grass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  

 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Brown 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 2'-5'
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Elymus riparius
riverbank wild rye 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Planting Method: Seed
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-24"
 
Elymus virginicus
Virginia wild rye 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 18"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-24"
 
Equisetum hyemale
horsetail, scouring rush 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)  
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-60"
Est Spread: 1'-6'
 
Eragrostis spectabilis
purple Lovegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Maroon 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug
Deer Resistant 
 
Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's Plantain 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Eryngium yuccifolium
rattlesnake master 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Silver, Light Green, Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Blue, White, Silver, Greenish-White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 4'-6'
 
Erythronium americanum
Yellow trout lily 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Eubotrys racemosa
fetterbush, sweetbells 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Maroon, Evergreen, Bronze, Dark Green 
Flower Color: White to Pink 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 4'-6'
Est Spread: 4'-6'
 
Euonymous atropurpureus
wahoo 
Small Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink to Brownish-Purple 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 12'-20'
Est Spread: 20'-25'
 
Euonymus americanus
bursting heart, strawberry bush 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Light Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Eupatoriadelphus fistulosum
Joe Pye weed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 18"-60"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Eupatorium perfoliatum
common boneset 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 36"-48"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Eupatorium purpureum
sweetscented joe pye weed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
 
   
Eupatorium sessilifolium
upland boneset 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 3'-8'
Est Spread: 18"-36"
 
Eurybia divaricata
white wood aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Eurybia macrophylla
bigleaf aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Euthamia graminifolia
flat-top goldentop 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Fagus grandifolia
American beech 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red, Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 60'-100'
Est Spread: 40'-50'
 
Festuca rubra
red fescue 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Festuca subverticillata
nodding fescue 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
 
Fragaria virginiana
virginia strawberry 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
   
Fraxinus americana
white ash 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Purple 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-70'
Est Spread: 40'-50'
 
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
green ash 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Orange 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-70'
Est Spread: 35'-50'
 
Gaultheria procumbens
wintergreen 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Moist 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Pink, White, Evergreen 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6"-18"
 
Gaylussacia baccata
black huckleberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Reddish-White, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 1'-3'
Est Spread: 2'-4'
 
Gentiana clausa
bottle gentian 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Geranium maculatum
spotted geranium 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug,Rootball
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 18"-24"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Gillenia trifoliata
Bowman's root 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Whitish-Pink 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Gleditsia triacanthos
honeylocust 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Glyceria melicaria
melic mannagrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Glyceria striata
fowl mannagrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Hamamelis virginiana
witch hazel 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov,Dec 
Est Height: 15'-25'
Est Spread: 15'-20'
 
Helenium autumnale
sneezeweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-60"
Est Spread: 36"-48"
 
Helenium flexuosum
purplehead sneezeweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Helianthus angustifolius
swamp, narrow-leaf sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Helianthus decapetalus
ten-petaled sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow and Brown 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-60"
Est Spread: 36"-48"
 
Helianthus divaricatus
woodland sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-6'
Est Spread: 1'-3'
 
Helianthus grosseserratus
sawtooth sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian's sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Yellow, Brown 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-10'
 
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Heliopsis helianthoides
oxeye sunflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 3'-5'
 
Hepatica americana
Round-Lobed Liverwort 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Hepatica nobilis
round-lobed hepatica, Liverleaf 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: White, Pink, Blue, Purple, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 3"-6"
Est Spread: 3"-6"
 
Heracleum maximum
common cowparsnip 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Heuchera americana
alumroot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Green, Whitish-Lavender 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12"-18"
Est Spread: 10"-14"
 
Hibiscus laevis
Halberd-leaf rose mallow 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White and Pink 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
Est Height: 4'-4'
 
Hibiscus moscheutos
eastern rosemallow 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Purple, Red and Cream 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 36"-84"
Est Spread: 36"-48"
 
Hydrangea arborescens
wild hydrangea 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3'-6'
Est Spread: 4'-8'
 
Hylotelephium telephioides
Allegheny stonecrop 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 6"-12"
 
Hypericum densiflorum
bushy St. Johnswort 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Hypoxis hirsuta
yellow star grass 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 3"-8"
 
Ilex decidua
deciduous holly, possumhaw 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 9'-18'
Est Spread: 9'-18'
 
Ilex glabra
inkberry holly 
Shrub
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  

 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Greenish-White, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-8'
Est Spread: 8'-10'
 
Ilex opaca
American holly 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Cream 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 30'-50'
Est Spread: 15'-30'
 
Ilex verticillata
winterberry holly 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Greenish-White, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-10'
Est Spread: 6"-8"
 
Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon holly, Cassin 
Shrub
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
Unique Soil-Sand 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12'-45'
 
Impatiens capensis
jewelweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Impatiens pallida
pale touch-me-not 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Stream Buffer   Habitat 
Unique Soil-Basic 
 
   
Iris cristata
dwarf crested iris 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue to Reddish-Purple, Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 4"-6"
 
Iris verna
coastal plain dwarf violet Iris 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Bluish-Violet, Blue 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 24"-36"
Est Spread: 36"-60"
 
Iris versicolor
Harlequin blue flag 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Bluish-Violet, Blue 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Good Groundcover 
 
Iris virginica
Virginia blue flag 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Pink, Blue, Violety-Blue and Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
Est Spread: 1'-3'
 
Itea virginica
virginia sweetspire 
Shrub
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 3'-8'
 
Juglans nigra
black walnut 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Greenish-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-75'
Est Spread: 50'-70'
 
Juncus acuminatus
tapertip rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Juncus canadensis
Canada rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jul 
Est Height: 12"-36"
 
Juncus dichotomus
forked rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Juncus effusus
soft rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 15"-50"
 
Juncus marginatus
grassleaf rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Juncus scirpoides
needlepod rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Juncus tenuis
slender rush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Green, Blue 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 6"-24"
Est Spread: 6"-12"
 
Juniperus virginiana
red cedar (Eastern) 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Red, Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 35'-50'
Est Spread: 20'-35'
 
Justicia americana
American water-willow 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)  
 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
 
Planting Method: Plug
Deer Resistant 
 
Kalmia latifolia
mountain laurel 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White to Pink 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 5'-12'
Est Spread: 5'-12'
 
Leersia oryzoides
rice cutgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 24"-60"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Leersia virginica
whitegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Lespedeza capitata
round-head bush clover 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 2'-4'
 
Liatris graminifolia
grass-leaf blazing star 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Sand 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple 
Bloom Time: Sep,Oct 
Planting Method: Rootball
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Liatris pilosa
grass-leaf blazingstar 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Liatris spicata
dense blazing star 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Liatris squarrosa
plains blazing star 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 6"-30"
Est Spread: 6"-24"
 
Lilium canadense
Canada lily 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Orangy-Red, Red 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-8'
 
Lilium superbum
Turk's cap lily 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Orange and Reddish-Brown and Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 4'-7'
Est Spread: 6"-9"
 
Lindera benzoin
spicebush 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 6'-12'
Est Spread: 6'-12'
 
Liquidambar styraciflua
sweetgum 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Red 
Flower Color: Yellowish-Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 60'-100'
Est Spread: 40'-60'
 
Liriodendron tulipifera
tulip-tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Greenish-White and Orangy-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 70'-100'
Est Spread: 35'-50'
 
Lobelia cardinalis
cardinal flower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Red, Maroon 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 12"-24"
 
Lobelia siphilitica
great blue lobelia 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Blue, Violet 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-48"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Lonicera sempervirens
trumpet honeysuckle 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 3'-20'
 
Ludwigia alternifolia
bushy seedbox, rattlebox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
 
Lupinus perennis
lupine, sundial lupine 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Sulphurs and Whites,Silvery Blue,Frosted Elfin,Eastern Tailed Blue,Northern Cloudy Wing,Southern Cloudy Wing)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Pieridae,Glaucopsyche lygdamus,Callophrys irus, Everes comyntas,Thorybes pylades,Thorybes bathyllus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 1'-2'
 
Lycopus americanus
American water horehound 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Lycopus virginicus
Virginia water horehound 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Lygodium palmatum
American climbing fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Habitat 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Moist 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Light Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Planting Method: Rootball
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Magnolia acuminata
yellow cucumber tree 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green to Yellowish-Brown 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 60'-75'
 
Magnolia tripetala
umbrella magnolia 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 15'-45'
 
Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay magnolia 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 15'-40'
Est Spread: 15'-25'
 
Maianthemum racemosa
false Solomon's seal 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 2'-3'
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Mentha arvensis
wild mint 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 18"-30"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Blue, White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12"-24"
Est Spread: 10"-12"
 
Mimulus alatus
sharpwing monkeyflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Unique Soil-Moist 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 6"-18"
Est Spread: 12"-15"
 
Mimulus ringens
monkeyflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple, Pink, Red 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 1'-3'
Est Spread: 9"-12"
 
Monarda didyma
scarlet beebalm 
Wildflower
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin  
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-4'
 
Monarda fistulosa
wild bergamot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Lavender 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
 
Monarda punctata
spotted beebalm 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: White, Pink, Yellow, Green, Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 6"-36"
 
Morella cerifera
wax myrtle 
Shrub
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Red-Banded Hairstreak,Banded Hairstreak)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Calycopis cecrops,Satyrium calanus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Light Green and Evergreen 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6'-20'
 
Morella pensylvanica
northern bayberry 
Shrub
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Evergreen 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 3'-12'
 
Morus rubra
red mulberry 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: White, Green, Blue 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12'-36'
 
Muhlenbergia capillaris
hairawn muhly 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Muhlenbergia mexicana
Mexican muhly 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Nuphar Lutea
yellow pond-lily, cow lily, spatter dock 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)  

 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 16"-16"
 
Nymphaea odorata
American water lily 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 9"-9"
 
Nyssa sylvatica
black gum 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: Green, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 30'-75'
Est Spread: 20'-50'
 
Oenothera fruticosa
sundrops 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-24"
 
Onoclea sensibilis
sensitive fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Orange 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Opuntia humifusa
eastern prickly-pear 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Sand 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Plug,Rootball
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 8"-8"
Est Spread: 3'-3'
 
Osmanthus americanus
devilwood, wild olive, American olive 
Shrub
 
Virginia Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Sand 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: White, Cream, Evergreen 
Bloom Time: Feb,Mar,Apr 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 10'-25'
Est Spread: 8'-15'
 
Osmunda cinnamomea
cinnamon fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Osmunda claytoniana
interrupted fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  

 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Brown 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Osmunda regalis
royal fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Ostrya virginiana
eastern hop-hornbeam 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green, Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 10'-30'
Est Spread: 10'-30'
 
Oxydendrum arboreum
sourwood 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Whitish-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul 
Est Height: 30'-70'
 
Pachysandra procumbens
Allegheny Spurge 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, Whitish-Purple 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6"-12"
Est Spread: 12"-48"
 
Packera anonyma
small ragwort 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Packera aurea
golden ragwort 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-24"
 
Panicum anceps
Beaked Panicgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Panicum dichotomiflorum
fall panicgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Panicum rigidulum
redtop panicgrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Panicum virgatum
switch grass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov,Jan,Feb 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-60"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Paronychia argyrocoma
silvery nailwort 
Wildflower
 
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Evergreen, Whitish-Silver 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 1"-6"
Est Spread: 12'-15'
 
Paronychia canadensis
smooth forked nailwort 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Green to Whitish-Dark Green 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3"-16"
 
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: White, Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-40'
 
Passiflora incarnata
maypop, passion flower 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 8'-14'
 
Passiflora lutea
yellow passion flower 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellowish-Green, Creamy-White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6'-15'
 
Peltandra virginica
arrow arum 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)   Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Penstemon canescens
eastern gray beardtongue 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
 
Penstemon digitalis
Talus slope penstemon 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 12"-36"
 
Penstemon laevigatus
smooth beardtongue 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 12"-42"
 
Penthorum sedoides
ditch stonecrop 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Phalaris arundinacea
reed canarygrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Phemeranthus teretifolius
quill fameflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Unique Soil-Rocky 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Pink 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 1"-6"
Est Spread: 12"-15"
 
Philadelphus inodorus
scentless nock orange 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Phlox carolina
Carolina Phlox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Phlox divaricata
woodland phlox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Blue, Lavender, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12"-18"
Est Spread: 12"-18"
 
Phlox glaberrima
smooth phlox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Phlox paniculata
summer phlox, garden phlox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purple, Pink, Lavender 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3'-4'
Est Spread: 4'-8'
 
Phlox stolonifera
creeping phlox 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 6"-10"
 
Phlox subulata
moss, creeping phlox 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green, Evergreen 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 4"-8"
 
Photinia melanocarpa
black chokeberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Maroon, Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 5'-6'
Est Spread: 5'-10'
 
Photinia pyrifolia
red chokeberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 6'-10'
Est Spread: 3'-5'
 
Phragmites australis
common reed 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Physocarpus opulifolius
common ninebark 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Physostegia virginiana
obedient plant 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 24"-48"
Est Spread: 18"-36"
 
Pieris floribunda
mountain fetterbush 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6'-6'
 
Pinus echinata
shortleaf pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-60'
Est Spread: 25'-30'
 
Pinus pungens
table mountain pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green and Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr 
Est Height: 40'-60'
 
Pinus rigida
pitch pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Deer Resistant 
 
Pinus strobus
white pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Bluish-Green, Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow, Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-80'
Est Spread: 25'-35'
 
Pinus taeda
loblolly pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Pine Banded Elfin,Southern pine sphinx)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Callophrys niphon,Lapara coniferarum)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Feb,Mar 
Est Height: 72'-100'
 
Pinus virginiana
Virginia pine 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Orange to Blue 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
 
Platanus occidentalis
sycamore 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow, Green, Blue 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 75'-100'
Est Spread: 75'-100'
 
Poa pratensis
Kentucky bluegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Podophyllum peltatum
mayapple 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Pink 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-18"
 
Polemonium reptans
Jacob's ladder 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, Blue 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 10"-12"
 
Polygonatum biflorum
Solomon's seal 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
 
Polypodium virginianum L.
rock polypody, rockcap fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Polystichum acrostichoides var. acrostichoides
Christmas fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Dark Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Pontederia cordata
pickerel weed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Populus deltoides
eastern cottonwood 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 75'-100'
Est Spread: 50'-80'
 
Prunella vulgaris
common selfheal 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Prunus americana
American wild plum 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Highly Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Mammals 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Planting Method: Rootball
Est Height: 30'-45'
 
Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum 
Small Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Prunus serotina
wild black cherry 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May 
Est Height: 50'-60'
Est Spread: 35'-50'
 
Prunus virginiana
chokecherry 
Small Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Pteridium aquilinum
bracken fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Light Green, Dark Green 
Flower Color: Spores (No blooms) 
Est Height: 1'-4'
 
Pycnanthemum incanum
hoary mountain mint 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green, Silver, Gray, Light Green 
Flower Color: Purple, White, Silver 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
narrow-leaved mountain mint 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green 
Flower Color: White, Silver, Gray 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Planting Method: Seed,Plug
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-24"
 
Pycnanthemum virginianum
American Mountain Mint 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Quercus alba
white oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Purple, Red 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 60'-80'
Est Spread: 60'-80'
 
Quercus bicolor
swamp white oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Golden-Blue, Red 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 70'-100'
 
Quercus coccinea
scarlet oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Maroon 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-75'
Est Spread: 40'-50'
 
Quercus falcata
Southern red oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Blue 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-50'
Est Spread: 60'-70'
 
Quercus ilicifolia
bear oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green, Light Green, Grayish-Green 
Flower Color: Red, Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 12'-20'
 
Quercus marilandica
blackjack oak 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Quercus michauxii
swamp chestnut oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow, Red 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 48'-100'
 
Quercus palustris
pin oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: Yellowish-Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-80'
Est Spread: 35'-75'
 
Quercus phellos
willow oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red, Yellow, Bronze 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Feb,Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 80'-100'
Est Spread: 40'-75'
 
Quercus prinus
chestnut oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellowish-Dark Green, Light Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 65'-145'
 
Quercus rubra
Northern red oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red, Yellow, Tawny 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 60'-75'
Est Spread: 60'-75'
 
Quercus stellata
post oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 40'-50'
 
Quercus velutina
black oak 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green to Orange, Red 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 50'-60'
 
Rhexia virginica
Virginia meadow-beauty 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Rhododendron catawbiense
Catawba rhododendron 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple, Evergreen 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-20'
 
Rhododendron maximum
great rhododendron, rose bay 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 4'-20'
 
Rhododendron periclymenoides
pinxter flower 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 3'-10'
Est Spread: 6'-12'
 
Rhododendron prinophyllum
rose azalea 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Bronze 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 2'-8'
Est Spread: 2'-8'
 
Rhododendron viscosum
swamp azalea 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin   Landscape 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Moist 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 4'-10'
Est Spread: 12'-12'
 
Rhus aromatica
fragrant sumac 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: Greenish-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 5'-6'
Est Spread: 6'-10'
 
Rhus copallinum
winged sumac, flameleaf sumac 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: Greenish-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 20'-35'
Est Spread: 10'-15'
 
Rhus glabra
smooth sumac 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Yellow, Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 10'-20'
 
Ribes rotundifolium
Appalachian gooseberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 3'-5'
 
Robinia hispida
bristly locust 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Erosion 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Purple, Red 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 6'-8'
 
Robinia pseudoacacia
black locust 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 30'-50'
Est Spread: 20'-35'
 
Rosa carolina
pasture rose 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Whitish-Pink, Pink 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3'-5'
Est Spread: 6'-10'
 
Rosa palustris
swamp rose 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Maroon 
Flower Color: Orange 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 4'-4'
Est Spread: 5'-7'
 
Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Purple, Orangy-Red 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Est Height: 4'-'
Est Spread: 6'-7'
 
Rubus allegheniensis
Alleghany blackberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 3'-6'
Est Spread: 6'-12'
 
Rubus flagellaris
common dewberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
 
Rubus occidentalis
black raspberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellow, Green to Orange 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 3'-6'
Est Spread: 4'-6'
 
Rubus odoratus
purple flowered Raspberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Yellow 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: May 
Est Height: 5'-6'
Est Spread: 6'-8'
 
Rudbeckia fulgida
early coneflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow, Orangy-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 18"-36"
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Rudbeckia hirta
black eyed Susan 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 12"-36"
Est Spread: 12"-36"
 
Rudbeckia laciniata
cut-leaved coneflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 48"-96"
Est Spread: 24"-48"
 
Rudbeckia triloba
three-lobed coneflower,Browneyed Susan 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow and Brown 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-5'
 
Ruellia caroliniensis
wild petunia 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Bluish-Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Good Groundcover 
 
Saccharum alopecuroides
silver plumegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: White, Cream 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 3'-10'
Est Spread: 3'-6'
 
Saccharum giganteum
giant plumegrass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Red 
Bloom Time: Oct 
Est Height: 6'-10'
 
Sagittaria latifolia
broadleaf arrowhead 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Salix humilis
prairie willow 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Grayish-Green to Bluish-Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green, Purple, Brown 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May 
Est Height: 6'-12'
 
Salix nigra
black willow 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellowish-Green 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 35'-50'
Est Spread: 20'-35'
 
Salix sericea
silky willow 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Greenish-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 10'-12'
Est Spread: 8'-12'
 
Salvia lyrata
lyre-leaf sage 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  

 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Dark Green to Purplish-Green 
Flower Color: Whitish-Blue, Blue, Purple, Violet 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-2'
 
Sambucus nigra
black elderberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Mammals 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-8'
 
Sambucus nigra ssp. Canadensis
common elderberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Yellowish-Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 6'-12'
Est Spread: 6'-12'
 
Sambucus racemosa
red elderberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 8'-20'
 
Sanguinaria canadensis
bloodroot 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Grayish-Green to Dark Green 
Flower Color: White and Yellow 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 6'-10'
 
Sassafras albidum
sassafras 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red, Orange, Yellow 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 30'-30'
Est Spread: 25'-40'
 
Saururus cernuus
lizard's tail 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Retention Basin (Wet Pond)   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Aquatic 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green, Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-4'
 
Saxifraga michauxii
Michaux's saxifrage 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr 
Est Height: 6"-20"
 
Saxifraga virginiensis
early saxifrage 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green, Dark Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 1"-8"
 
Schizachyrium scoparium
little bluestem 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, Bronze 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Deer Resistant 
 
Schoenoplectus pungens var. pungens
common threesquare 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
softstem bulrush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Scirpus atrovirens
green bulrush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Scirpus cyperinus
woolgrass bulrush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Green, Brown 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 36"-60"
 
Scirpus pendulus
rufous bulrush 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Scutellaria integrifolia
helmet flower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Sand 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Bluish-Lavender 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Planting Method: Seed
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1'-2'
 
Sedum glaucophyllum
cliff stonecrop 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Basic 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green, Blue, Silver, Evergreen, Light Green, Pink to Reddish-Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 2"-6"
Est Spread: 8"-8"
 
Sedum ternatum
wild stonecrop 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Stream Buffer  
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Greenish-White, White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 3"-6"
Est Spread: 6"-12"
 
selaginella rupestris
rock sellaginella, Rock spike moss 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden  

 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Green to Reddish-Green 
Est Height: 2'-6'
 
Senna hebecarpa
American senna 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Habitat 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Planting Method: Seed
 
Senna marilandica
Maryland wild senna 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Erosion 
Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
Planting Method: Seed
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata
three-toothed cinquefoil 
Wildflower
 
Nelson County Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof 
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Sand 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Maroon, Evergreen, Dark Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun 
Good Groundcover 
 
Silene caroliniana
sticky catchfly 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rocky 
Unique Soil-Shale 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 3"-8"
 
Silene stellata
widowsfrill 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Silene virginica
fire pink 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof   Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Red 
Flower Color: Green to Red, Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 12"-36"
 
Silphium perfoliatum
cup plant 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Silphium trifoliatum
whorled rosinweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug 
 
Sisyrinchium angustifolium
narrowleaf blue-eyed grass 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 12-18
 
Sisyrinchium montanum
strict blue-eyed grass 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 6"-15"
 
Solidago caesia
bluestem goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 12"-36"
 
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Sep,Oct,Nov 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Solidago gigantea
giant goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Solidago odora
sweet goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 24"-60"
 
Solidago pinetorum
pineywoods goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep 
Spreads Rapidly 
 
Solidago puberula
downy goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 8"-40"
 
Solidago rugosa
rough-stemmed goldenrod 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Yellow, Orange 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 12"-24"
Est Spread: 12"-36"
 
Sorbus americana
American mountain ash 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Sorghastrum nutans
Indian grass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Red 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-8'
 
Sparganium americanum
American bur-reed 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Green 
Bloom Time: May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3'-7'
 
Spiraea alba
white meadowsweet 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Spiranthes cernua
nodding lady's tresses 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Sporobolus heterolepis
prairie dropseed 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Greenroof  
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Flower Color: Whitish-Pink 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 2'-3'
Est Spread: 2'-3'
 
Stachys tenuifolia
smooth hedgenettle 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Symphyotrichum concolor
eastern silvery aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Silvery-Green, Light Green 
Flower Color: Whitish-Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 9"-42"
 
Symphyotrichum cordifolium
heart-leaved aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Grayish-Green 
Flower Color: White, Whitish-Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 3'-4'
 
Symphyotrichum laeve
smooth or blue bird aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden  
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Bluish-Lavender, Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
 
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
calico aster * 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Whitish-Purple and Yellow, Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 1'-5'
 
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Pearl Crescent,Silvery Checkerspot,Baltimore Checkerspot)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Phyciodes tharos,Chlosyne nycteis,Euphydryas phaeton)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Pink, Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 3'-6'
 
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
New York aster 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Blue, Violet, Pink, White and Yellow, Red 
Bloom Time: Jul,Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Symphyotrichum pilosum
white heath aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White and Yellow 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Est Height: 2'-3'
 
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
purplestem aster 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Symplocarpus foetidus
skunk cabbage 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Habitat 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
Unique Soil-Moist 
 
High Moisture 
Seasonally Wet 
Aquatic 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Light Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Maroon 
Deer Resistant 
Groundhog Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-5'
 
Teucrium canadense
Canada germander 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Thalictrum dioicum
clumping foamflower 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Purple, Whitish-Green 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 8"-28"
 
Thalictrum Pubescens
king of the meadow 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Cream, White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 3'-8'
 
Thalictrum revolutum
early meadowrue 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Cream 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 4'-10'
 
Thalictrum thalictroides
rue anemone 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 1"-9"
 
Thelypteris noveboracensis
New York fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Thelypteris palustris
marsh fern 
Fern & Fern Allies
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Straw 
Est Height: 1'-4'
 
Tiarella cordifolia
spreading foamflower 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Pollinators 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
Unique Soil-Rich 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Maroon, Dark Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Planting Method: Plug
Spreads Rapidly 
Good Groundcover 
 
Tilia americana
American basswood 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Yellow, Creamy-Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 60'-80'
 
Tradescantia virginiana
Virginia spiderwort 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: Bluish-Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 12"-24"
Est Spread: 18"-24"
 
Trautvetteria caroliniensis
Carolina bugbane 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
High Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 2'-4'
 
Tridens flavus
redtop / purpletop tridens 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Red, Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct,Nov 
 
Trillium grandiflorum
white trillium 
Wildflower
 
US Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Pink, White and Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 12'-15'
 
Tripsacum dactyloides
gama grass 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Erosion 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple, Orange 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 36"-60"
 
Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock 
Medium to Large Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen 
Flower Color: Yellow 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 45'-60'
Est Spread: 20'-25'
 
Vaccinium angustifolium
lowbush blueberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Brown Elfin)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Callophrys augustinus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
   
Vaccinium corymbosum
highbush blueberry 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Brown Elfin)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Callophrys augustinus)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Unique Soil-Acidic 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Purplish-White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
 
Verbena hastata
blue vervain 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Bluish-Purple, Bluish-Violet, Blue, Purple 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul,Aug,Sep 
Est Height: 2'-5'
 
Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Wetland 
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond) 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Aug,Sep,Oct 
Spreads Rapidly 
Est Height: 48"-72"
Est Spread: 24"-36"
 
Veronica americana
American speedwell 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf Viburnum 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Spring Azure)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Celastrina ladon)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Dark Green 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug 
Est Height: 4'-12'
Est Spread: 3'-4'
 
Viburnum dentatum
southern arrow-wood viburnum 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Retention Basin (Wet Pond) 
Detention Basin (Dry Pond)  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Reddish-Purple 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 6'-10'
Est Spread: 4'-8'
 
Viburnum lantanoides
hobblebush 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Viburnum nudum
possum-haw viburnum 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Reddish-Purple 
Flower Color: White, Cream 
Bloom Time: Jun,Jul 
Est Height: 6'-18'
Est Spread: 4'-12'
 
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
withe-rod 
Small Tree
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Viburnum prunifolium
black-haw viburnum 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Bioretention Basin 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green to Reddish-Purple 
Flower Color: White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 12'-16'
Est Spread: 8'-12'
 
Viola cucullata
marsh blue violet 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Greater Fritllaries)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Speyeria cybele)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Bluish-Purple, Purple, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 4"-4"
 
Viola pedata
bird's foot violet 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Greater Fritllaries)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Speyeria cybele)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Whitish-Purple, Purple, Blue and Orange 
Bloom Time: Mar,Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 4"-4"
 
Viola pubescens
yellow violet, downy violet 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Rain Garden   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Greater Fritllaries)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Speyeria cybele)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Wildlife 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Orange, Yellow 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 9"-12"
 
Viola sororia
common blue violet 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Greater Fritllaries)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Speyeria cybele)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
 
  Deer Resistant 
 
Viola striata
striped cream violet 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
   Caterpillar Host Plant
 (Cat. Comm Name: Greater Fritllaries)
 (Cat. Sci Name: Speyeria cybele)
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Horticulture 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Whitish-Violet, White 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Est Height: 9"-12"
 
Vitis labrusca
fox grape 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
 
Dry 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: White, Yellow, Green, Blue 
Bloom Time: May,Jun 
Est Height: 10'-20'
 
Vitis riparia
riverbank grape 
Vine
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
  
 
   
Vitis vulpina
frost grape 
Grass, Sedge & Reed
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Songbirds 
Pollinators 
Habitat 
 
Moderate Moisture 
Full Light 
Partial Shade 
 
Flower Color: White, Cream 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Est Height: 40'-40'
Est Spread: 6'-8'
 
Xanthorhiza simplicissima
yellow root 
Shrub
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden 
Stream Buffer  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Unique Soil-Moist 
 
Moderate Moisture 
High Moisture 
Partial Shade 
Shade 
 
Foliage Color: Green 
Flower Color: Purple 
Bloom Time: Apr,May 
Good Groundcover 
Est Height: 1'-3'
 
Yucca filamentosa
common yucca 
Wildflower
 
Albemarle/Charlottesville Native
 
Recommended
 
More details?

Plant Question?
Swale 
Rain Garden  
Host plants for Lepidoptera 
Habitat 
Wildlife 
Landscape 
Horticulture 
 
Dry 
Full Light 
 
Foliage Color: Evergreen, Dark Green 
Flower Color: White, Cream 
Bloom Time: Apr,May,Jun 
Deer Resistant 
Est Height: 2'-6'
 

 Total Plants Selected: 469

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